Finlay Finlayson (1880-1971?)
Rebecca did well by her sons. Newspaper reports of school results show the Anderson boys to be achieving well at first East Gore primary school then Dunedin’s Normal School. There is a slight hiccup when both Fin and Stan are before the courts in 1896 for stealing property to wit: gardening tools (10/- fine for Fin) and grapes (a caution for Stan) from the Hon. Richard Oliver, Dunedin City’s elected member of the NZ Legislative Council. But, hey. Boys will be boys. Other newspaper items report Fin’s cycling success, including an interview about a Muir Wilson challenging Fin's 4hr 53 min Oamaru-Dunedin (112 km/about 70 hilly miles) record. The challenger “must have met with a mishap”, as he did not complete the distance. Anyone who broke the record by the end of 1906 would receive a £3 medal; Fin said he was going to have a go.
By the early 1900s, Fin was in Riwaka, presumably helping uncle William after cousin Wallace had headed to mine gold in South Africa. The probate records show Fin was "farmer's assistant" when he witnessed his uncle's will. There are some photos of Fin and his brothers and mother in Dunedin later in the 1900s but sometime around 1910, Fin moved to Sydney where he lived the rest of his life, in Paddington, his trade that of mechanic. There is a record of a 1912 marriage of Finlay F Anderson and Honoria (Theresa) O’Keefe in Sydney and there is a photo in WD’s album of Nora, Fin’s wife, who had been a ballet dancer/chorus girl in London (“Nora” was perhaps a diminutive of “Honoria”). They had no children. There is a death notice for John B when he died in 1914 from “his niece and nephew, in NSW”, presumably that was Fin and Nora. Fin was a widower by 1954 when his cousin's daughter, Merle, had arrived to provide domestic support. Fin’s last entry in the electoral roll is 1968. The only F Anderson offered by Australia's death records around that time died in July 1971 and is buried in the Field of Mars Cemetery, North Ryde, NSW, but I have no way of knowing whether this is our Fin.
Stanley Charles (1882-1957?)
Stan’s story is similarly elusive. The records show he was born in 1882, albeit his name recorded as “NR”. He achieved well at school, there was the unfortunate incident with the grapes (which shouldn’t have been laying/hanging around in temptation’s way), then WD’s note of his 1957 death in exotic climes (although the reliability of WD’s memoir is now highly suspect).
Aged 20, in 1902, Stan travelled to South Africa to begin his career in the mining industry. After being granted his travel permit, he wrote to the Colonial Secretary in Wellington to ask whether he would have to produce the £100 necessary to land in that country. His concern was that “it will be rather awkward to carry it in gold” and that his mother “does not feel disposed to send (a bank draft) because of the certain amount of loss” it would cost. A woman after my own heart, greedy banks, ancestral bankers excepted. He was assured his ability to maintain himself on arrival waived that requirement. The permit application noted he had relatives in Johannesburg. Stan’s letter described his South African contacts (aunt Louisa Farrar?) as influential people. An item under “Personal” in the 30 August 1902 edition of Dunedin’s Evening Star reports a Stanley Anderson receiving a travel bag from fellow workers at Messrs Sargood, Son, and Ewen’s boot factory on the eve of his departure to South Africa. Sargood, Son, and Ewen is described in the Cyclopedia of NZ as “one of the oldest and most important houses in the soft good trade in the Colony”.
Charles and Rebecca's children
Frank Leslie (1888-1946) was another Anderson to make his mark in the papers for all the wrong reasons. His first appearances were for scholastic achievement. Dunedin’s Evening Star tells us he earned first class marks in intermediate arithmetic in 1908 and was at the same level in Latin. He went on to become a pharmacist - a profession we now know was also pursued by Les’s cousins, brothers Louis Anderson Oldfield and James Robertson Oldfield.
Les married Phyllis Walker (1893-1968) in 1915. Phyl was from an established, well-respected family in Lawrence, Central Otago, which made Les’s first adult appearance in the newspapers all the more startling. Apparently, when members of Phyl’s family visited Dunedin from Lawrence, they occasionally left suitcases and other items they didn’t want to carry around at Les’s pharmacy in Stuart Street. On this occasion, Phyl’s sister, Mary, had done so and it was to Les’s horror, one imagines, that a dead baby was found inside her case when the police visited the pharmacy later that day. Mary had come to Dunedin with her mother who had become concerned about her
daughter’s health during the day - although apparently totally unaware of Mary’s
pregnancy and delivery - and insisted she see a doctor: things escalated from there. To make matters worse, it came out during the trial that this was Mary’s second baby. Both
had been born healthy and full-term, both had asphyxiated shortly after birth. Mary was acquitted of murdering her second baby but found guilty of “disposing of the body of the child with intent” and was sentenced to up to five years detention “for informative purposes”.
Les’s next public outing was totally his own doing. In 1925, he was managing the Friendly Societies’ Dispensary in Devonport, a seaside suburb of Auckland. Red flags were waved about the quantity of opium he was handling - five times more than other chemists in the district and ten times more than any chemist in Auckland’s Queen St. Enquiries found he had forged the names (i.e., made up the identities) of A Gillon and W Smith in his retailer’s opium book. The opium dispensed to these imaginary customers was for his personal consumption. Not only that, but he had been substituting other substances for opium in prescriptions he was filling for real customers. Had anyone known, it could have been an early case study of the efficacy of a placebo for patients recovering from their conditions without actually having taken one of their medication’s active ingredients. Then, having heard that charges were pending, Les skipped off from Devonport to Wellington. He was arrested on board the Maunganui, travelling as GT Wallace, shortly before it was due to sail to Sydney. None of the newspaper reports says that Phyl was with him.
Phyl and Les
When he first appeared in court, he asked that his name be suppressed but the magistrate said “no, not in a case of this nature”. Les’s defence was that he had become addicted to opium through self-medication to help him cope with the pressure of work. He was sentenced to three years probation on condition he stayed off drugs, reported three times a week to police, and paid prosecution costs. Which, given the circumstances and his clear intention to vanish overseas, seems very reasonable. Les died in Petone on 31 March 1946 and is buried (“presumably”, the record says, maybe cremated) in the Taita Cemetery - Old Section. His job title was “chemist”. I have a photo of the 1941 UFS Dispensary Board, Petone, of which he was a member (I asked an academic pharmacy friend what a pharmacist would have to do to be struck off and he said with a shrug “possibly murder in the course of his/her practice”).
Phyl returned to Lawrence. She died in 1968 and is buried in Dunedin’s Andersons Bay Cemetery. Les and Phyl had two daughters, neither of whom is mentioned on Phyl’s gravestone.
• Rebecca (Ecca; 1919-) may have been named after Les’s mother,
Rebecca. As is the way with recent history, few records are yet available
because databases are designed to protect the privacy of the living. She
married "Moc", who may have been John Maurice Robertson. If so, he was an
accountant and the family lived around the Hutt Valley, Wellington. In any
event, our Ecca and Moc had three children, two of whom were twins.
• Davida Fulton (Vida; ca1922-) may have been named after Les’s father
(if he didn't know his father used his second name) or grandfather, or just
because her parents liked the name Davida. Again relying on guesswork from
the electoral rolls, I am surmising she married Leslie Reginald Roughton, a
carpenter. If so, they too lived around Hutt Valley, Wellington. I have no clue
as to whether Vida had children.
Ronald Vivian (1889-1890) died in infancy, just months before his father's
death. He is buried with his parents in Dunedin’s Northern Cemetery. Thanks
to my cousins' (Viki and Sandra) efforts, the plot has been restored and now
has family status with the remains of Charles' grandson, Roland, Roland's wife,
Blanche, and Charles' great-grandson, Graeme, interred there.
William Douglas (Douglas or WD)(1886-1962) was Charles and Rebecca’s third son. Like his brothers, he was a good student. Although Rebecca could not afford for WD to go to high school, he continued his studies in the evening after putting in a full day, six days a week, at a pharmacy where he washed bottles, and must have undertaken other similarly unskilled tasks. There is a picture of him working at a desk in the offices of Thos Paterson & Co (produce and fruit commission agents) in 1902 when he would have been around 16 years old. In one of his albums, there is a newspaper clipping about him being presented with a suitably inscribed silver-mounted wallet when he left Ross and Glendining, a warehouse and clothing concern, in 1906 to take up a more responsible position.
This was the same year that he was among the few who earned a first class junior diploma in mathematics and another in practical mathematics from Dunedin’s Technical (night) Classes. In 1908, he took third place among those with “the highest aggregate of marks in the Dominion” when he passed the
Incorporated Institute of Accountants examinations, aged 22.
He joined J Rattray & Sons, general merchants and commission agents the following
year. He impressed the company sufficiently to be sent to set up a branch in
Invercargill in 1910. WD stayed with Rattray’s for the rest of his professional life
(51 years), rising to become Chief Accountant and Company Secretary. He was
elected a Director in 1938.
WD had many interests. Like Fin, he cycled and was a member of the Caversham
Harriers. The caption of a 1908 press picture he kept of the team says they had won
the Edmond Cup, the Canterbury Inter-club Challenge Shield, the Port Chalmers to
Dunedin Road Race, first and fastest time in the CSH Tea-mile Handicap, and second
in the Otago Inter-club Cross Country Championship. He also enjoyed swimming. A
1910 viewing of Halley's Comet generated a lifelong interest in astronomy and science
for which he won awards and was an evergetic exponent in lectures, publications and
broadcasts. In 1953, he travelled to the US "to visit some of the great observatories
and confer with scientists in those institutions”. He also played piano and bowls and
maintained a productive and attractive garden, perhaps a genetic gift from his
grandfather David in Broughty Ferry.
In his memoirs, WD wrote that he was nearly 30 and had not had much interest in the opposite sex when he met young probationary nurse, Martha Brewster (left), in Invercargill. Martha was from a large family of Irish origin (more detail in the Wilson-Anderson album). It should be said here that she disliked her given name strongly enough to rename herself Peggy, so shall I. Peggy and WD married in Invercargill on Leap Day in 1916. Within the year Alan Douglas was born, then Stella Irene and Roland Chase.
• Alan Douglas (1917-1942) was a bank
clerk when he enlisted in the army during
WWII. He was a Lance Bombardier, a gunner
serving with the NZ Artillery’s 7th Anti-tank
Regiment during the El Alamein battle
when his unit was dive-bombed by the enemy.
One bomb exploded close to Alan’s portee (a
gun truck) under which he had dived for cover.
Just a few minutes later, he would not have
been there; other crew members who had
taken a break to make a cuppa were on their
way back to relieve him. To split hairs, it was
not the bomb itself that killed Alan but the
explosion that caused him to be "very badly
knocked by the concussion and blast". The
attending doctor“explained that the proper
remedy for concussion and blast from bombs
had not yet been found and they were not sure how the two affected the body
so much, especially the heart” (quotes from a letter from an Army liaison officer
to WD). Having said that, a condolence letter from a Captain Marbeck of Alan’s
regiment says he was hit by bomb splinters. That letter also says Alan “has more
courage than the average”. It should be noted that other comments in the letter
imply they didn't waste time on niceties in those days so Alan's bravery was real
rather than a compliment to make his bereaved parents feel better.
The nieces and nephews who never knew him have not forgotten Alan and have gathered what documentation they can of his life. In 2007, my children and I visited his headstone in the Commonwealth War Cemetery at El Alamein, to pay all of our respects.
• A brief outline of the life of Stella Irene (1918-1991) is in the Wilson-Anderson album. To summarise
• Roland Chase (1922-2007) was serving in New Zealand’s Defence Forces when he met Blanche May Dolman (1921-2008) in Wales. They married and lived in New Zealand, parents to Sandra Lesley (1946-), Barry Douglas (1948-2013), Graeme Elliot (1949-2012), and Viki Suzanne (1953-).
Sandra married Brian (1945-) in 1966 and they had three daughters, Angela (1967-), Lynda (1969-) and Katherine (1980-1982). Angela married Bruce (1964-) in 2001 and are parents of Callum Bruce Drumm (2003-) and Amelie Katherine Drumm (2005-). Lynda married Chris (ca1970-) in 2000, they are parents of April Niamh (2003-) and Leo Maxwell Brian (2005-). Sandra and Angela live in Christchurch. Lynda lives in Auckland.
Viki lives in Roxburgh, Central Otago, with her husband, Bevan. They each brought a child to their marriage, Aaron and Jade, respectively.
Graeme married Terri but they did not have any children. He died, far too young, on Macleay Island, Brisbane. His family brought his remains home to Dunedin.
Barry and his wife, Alice, had a son, Barry Jnr. BJ has a half sister, Geraldine Faye, born to his father from a relationship long before his parents met. Geraldine is mother to Lachlan and Sean Liam. Barry also died prematurely as a result of illness.
At the end of this family map, I realise that of all David Anderson's children, grandchildren, and subsequent generations, BJ is the sole male to continue this branch of the Anderson name. No pressure, BJ, but it’s over to you.
WD, Stan, Fin, Les
Roland, Stella, Alan
Vida Alan Stella
WD, Viki, Andrea, Stella, Barry, Graeme, Blanche, Sandra, Roland
It pains me to report that it looks as though (left) Stan actively fought for the segregation in South Africa that saw the first peoples dispossessed of their land, their status, and any access to the advantages enjoyed by the European colonisers. For example, in 1911 a Mines and Works Act was passed that prevented black Africans securing any work other than manual labour as a strategy to keep labour costs to a minimum. According to transit records (from Canada to Venezuela via New York) in 1930, Stan was a metallurgist. His New York address was the Goldfields American Development Company, 233 Broadway. The GADC was a subsidiary of Consolidated Goldfields of South Africa, a multinational enterprise founded by Cecil Rhodes and others. I’m assuming Stan had worked for the latter while in South Africa. In the context of the times, it is possible to imagine his ideological support for the systemic oppression of a race of people who clearly (from a European perspective) had not taken advantage of the wealth that had lain dormant in their land and, equally clearly, whose otherwise distinctive culture - but without the architecture, political organisation, science and arts, hierarchical class structure, and martial evolution and technology of Europe - was inferior to that of the colonisers.
Otago Daily Times
8 June 1916
The transit records show that the enteric Stan contracted during his WWI service continued to rumble on during his life. Apart from a photo of Stan, ca1932, taken in Ching's Studio, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, and his inclusion in some family snaps taken in subsequent years in WD's albums, when he may have been visiting (rather than living in) New Zealand, I have found nothing more about him. I had hoped that a restricted file in NZ’s archives would tell us a bit more about Stan but, when I received it, it was for a totally different person, albeit one with the same name. I hope more information about his life surfaces over time. A casual request of Mr Google as to events in Pakistan in 1957 (assuming WD's date of Stan's death is roughly right) are full of partition but nothing about minerals exploration.
she attended Maori Hill then Archerfield schools, trained as a hairdresser but left the paid workforce when she married William (Bill) Wilson, a schoolteacher, in 1942. Their marriage was not a happy one and Stella and Bill divorced in 1964. Later that year, she married Dutch migrant Martin van Raalte (1916-1988), a sales representative. Martin died three years before Stella: their ashes are buried together in Andersons Bay Cemetery.
Bill and Stella had two children. Alan was born and died in August 1945,
Andrea Joy (me) was born in 1949. I married William (Bill) (1944-) in 1969
and we are parents to Josephine Zara (1970-) and Karl Eugene (1971-). We
migrated to Perth, Western Australia at the end of 1976. Bill and I divorced
in 1983. Josephine left Australia to see the world in 1990 and is now married to Robert (1970-). They live in Fort Augustus, Scotland - not far from where the Finlaysons set out for the opposite side of the globe over a century and a half ago - with their sons, Dean Anderson (1998-) and Evan John (2001-).
Karl married Janice Ann (1971-) in 2004 (divorced 2014) and their son,
Charles Alan, was born in 2006. Karl and Charles live in Perth, Western